The nursing profession is one of the most rewarding career paths available today. Nursing, also referred to as Registered Nursing, Registered Nurse, or RN, has become an essential part of society. With more than 16 million Americans already nurses, the demand for nurses is only increasing. If you are thinking of a nursing career, you may want to know what types of nursing careers are available. In this article, we discuss some of the most common and recognizable ways that nurses care for patients. We also list some of the lesser-known jobs that you can pursue as a nurse if you choose to focus on it instead of a specific area of practice.
- 1 Registered Nurse (RN)
- 2 Nursing (RN)job descriptions and requirements
- 3 Types of Care Long-term Care and Home Health Care
- 4 Acute Care Nurses
- 5 Chronic Care (CP)
- 6 Pediatrics
- 7 Adult Psychiatric Nurses (AN)
- 8 Adjunct Clinical Nursing faculty (CN)
- 9 Acute Care Nurses (ACN)
- 10 Types of Care Respite Care
- 11 Home Health Care
- 12 Personal Care aides (PCA)
- 13 Other healthcare providers
- 14 How long does a nursing career take to complete?
- 15 What jobs follow upon completion of a nursing degree?
- 16 Where can I get more information about nursing?
- 17 Conclusion
Registered Nurse (RN)
Registered Nurses (RN’s) care for patients in a variety of settings, including nursing homes, pediatric hospitals, and medical and surgical practices. They are also often the first point of contact for patients, parents, and healthcare providers when problems arise. Because of their essential role in patient care, the field of nursing is often called the “ornamentation” or “handmaid” of other fields. Different types of nursing require different skill sets and personalities, however, and it is important to learn about the different types so you can decide which career is best for you.
Nursing (RN)job descriptions and requirements
Registered Nurses who want to work as a RN in a hospital setting will typically complete two years of on-the-job training, after which they will have the necessary credentials to sit for the Registered Nurse (RN) exam. After successful completion of the exam, they will need to take another advanced level certification test, such as the CNS or the LPN-level certification test. Once a nurse is certified as a Registered Nurse (RN), they can choose to specialise in one of five areas of nursing: acute care nursing, children’s health, psychiatric nursing, community care, or extended care.
Types of Care Long-term Care and Home Health Care
Long-term care (also known as nursing home care or assisted living) is a common type of care provided by healthcare providers for the elderly, disabled, or persons with chronic diseases. Home health care is also a type of long-term care that involves personal assistance. Both types of care require consistent and reliable access to nursing services. This may mean daily visits to the home health agency, or it may mean longer stays in a skilled nursing facility. Still, even in a medical setting, good nursing is important because it helps people maintain their quality of life.
Acute Care Nurses
Acute care nurses (ACN) are specially trained professionals who care for patients in a variety of settings, including the emergency department (ED), hospital, and hospice. Most states require that an emergency physician be the first point of contact for a patient. Therefore, anyone who wants to become an ACN will typically complete a two-year residency program after which they must sit for an annual certification exam. At the end of the certification process, most states will also offer a advanced practice nursing certificate (APNCT) program.
Chronic Care (CP)
Chronic care is the term used to describe long-term or “mild” illness or condition. It usually refers to conditions that are manageable with assistance, such as Alzheimer’s disease or multiple sclerosis. Some nursing homes also offer services as a chronic care facility. The former is often referred to as “CP” (for chronic care).
Children’s health is a field that encompasses many different specialized areas of nursing. For example, pediatric nursing is the specialty that looks after children under the age of 18. Most states require that pediatric nurses complete a two-year residency program after which they must sit for an annual certification exam. After successful completion of the exam, they will need to take another advanced practice nursing certification test, such as the CNS or the LPN-level certification test.
Adult Psychiatric Nurses (AN)
Adult psychiatric nurses (ANs) work in an outpatient setting, particularly in psychiatric hospitals and clinics. Like other mental health professionals, they provide care in a variety of settings, including the hospital, clinic, prison, and Forensic Psychiatry Unit. Registered psychiatric nursing (RPN), a sub-specialty of AN, is often a free-standing profession with little to no collaboration with other health care professionals.
Adjunct Clinical Nursing faculty (CN)
Adjunct clinical nursing faculty (CN) are nurse practitioners (NP) who work under the supervision of a physician. They provide care in a variety of settings, including the hospital, clinic, and nursing home and may participate in other collaborative practice settings, such as a physician’s office or an Accountable Care Collaborative.
Acute Care Nurses (ACN)
Unlike the other types of nursing mentioned above, Acute Care Nurses are not health care professionals. Instead, they are healthcare providers who specialize in providing short-term patient care, such as a patient transport, in a hospital setting. Although they might be referred to as “nurses,” most ACN’s are actually physician assistants (PAs). They can either work independently or in a collaborative care setting with a physician.
Types of Care Respite Care
Respite care, also known as nursing home care or extended care, is a form of long-term care that refers to the care given to nursing home residents who are not able to take care of themselves. While most nursing homes offer some form of “normal” care for their residents, an increasing number of facilities are also providing special “respite” services.
Home Health Care
Home health is a type of long-term care that involves personal assistance. Home health, like nursing home care, is typically not covered by insurance. The patient typically works with a personal or clinical nurse.
Personal Care aides (PCA)
Personal care aides (PCA), also sometimes called home health aides, are individuals who provide personal care services to people with disabilities. PCAs may be employees of the homeowner, a business, or another type of non-governmental organization.
Other healthcare providers
Other healthcare providers include physical and occupational therapists, speech and language pathologists, and others who provide services in a variety of settings.
How long does a nursing career take to complete?
The amount of time it takes to complete a nursing degree varies depending on a number of factors, such as the type of program you select, the quality of your references, and the type of work you choose to do after graduation. There are many programs that can be completed in two years or four years, with the last year being a clinical rotations.
What jobs follow upon completion of a nursing degree?
After you graduate from nursing school, you will have the opportunity to choose from a variety of jobs. In some cases, you may be offered additional certifications and licensing requirements before being allowed to officially begin work. You may also want to consider becoming a clinical nurse specialist, a clinical nurse midwife, or a home health aide.
Where can I get more information about nursing?
The American Association of Nurse-Midwives (AANM) website is a great resource for information about nursing. You can also check out the AANM Bachelor’s degree nursing program page to see what jobs are available. AANM also publishes a monthly e-newsletter, which is filled with useful information about nursing. You can sign up for this email here. AANM also maintains a Careers in Nursing database, which contains detailed information about more than 60,000 jobs, and you can access this database here.
It is important to remember that there are many different types of nursing and that each has unique requirements and experiences. It is helpful to consider the different types of nursing before deciding which profession is right for you.