Even the most experienced nurse knows that nursing diagnoses and treatments can sometimes feel like black and white pictures. You have certain patients who need X-rays to rule out fractures, others who need a specific type of fluid drained from their bodies, and still others who need an entire hospital ward devoted to them. As a result, you may find yourself diagnosing and caring for more people than ever before. Luckily, there are many different ways to approach nursing diagnoses. We all know that different people have different needs. However, we also know that not everyone is able to meet those needs the same way. What this means is that not all patients require the same things from a nursing diagnosis or treatment plan. It’s up to you to figure out what your patient’s needs are and which method of care would best meet them. The following article will help you understand the different types of nursing diagnoses, as well as common problems they identify and how you can approach them in your practice.
What is a nursing diagnosis?
A nursing diagnosis is a careful, detailed evaluation of a patient’s health status by a registered nurse. It’s different from a health diagnosis in that a nursing diagnosis looks deeper into a patient’s illness and medical history to identify whether a patient has a specific condition. The diagnosis is not just about putting a name to the problem but also about determining the best course of treatment. Conducting a nursing diagnosis is often a collaborative effort between the nurse and the doctor or other health care provider. The nurse’s role is to collect information from the patient, such as blood pressure, weight, and temperature, while the doctor or other health care provider will decide if the results of those tests and measures are normal or abnormal.
Different Types of Nursing Diagnoses
There are many different types of nursing diagnoses, and it’s important to understand which ones you might encounter in your practice. In order to help you identify the types of nursing diagnoses you may encounter in your practice, here are five categories that are often associated with nursing diagnoses: Indicators of Condition – A nursing diagnosis may be accompanied by one or several of the following indicators of condition, which indicate the patient’s ability to sustain basic functions. Physical Ability – This indicator assesses how much the patient can do for themselves. Examples of physical ability include being able to get in and out of bed, lift and hold weight, walk, sit, and use the toilet. Mental Ability – Mental ability includes things such as being able to take care of basic needs, remember information, and acquire and use tools. Nutrition and hydration status – This indicator looks at a patient’s ability to take in and process nutrients and water. Conditions that may indicate a nutritional or hydration problem include anorexia, dropped blood pressure, and blue lips or tongue. Vitals – Vitals include things such as the patient’s airway, breathing, and heart rates.
Problem-Based Learning (PBL)
Problem-based learning is a form of instruction that helps students identify and solve real-world problems and create solutions. Problem-based learning looks at common problems in the real world and teaches students how to identify and solve them using a variety of tools and techniques. The learning style is often associated with interdisciplinary learning, where students work in teams to identify and solve issues in the real world. Problem-based learning can also be used as a tool to teach empathy, communication, and reasoning.
Risk-Based Intervention (RBI)
RBI is a type of care that emphasizes identifying and addressing risk to ensure a patient’s safety. The approach is often considered preventative, as it aims to keep problems at bay before they become problems. You can learn more about RBI in depth in my article on the seven stages of risk-based nursing interventions. The basic stages of risk-based nursing interventions are preventative, evaluates, diagnostics, prognostic, and Therapy.
Team-based Care (TBC)
Team-based care is a type of nursing intervention that helps coordinate the goals and resources of multiple health providers to achieve more comprehensive goals.
There are many different types of nursing diagnoses, and you’ll need to use each one in your practice depending on the patient’s situation and preferences. You’ll also need to be familiar with the diagnostic and treatment methods of each type in order to appropriately diagnose and treat patients. While there are many different ways to approach nursing diagnoses, it’s important to note that all of them rely on a team approach. As a team, you and your team of nurses will design a plan of care that includes the most appropriate method of intervention and monitoring the patient’s progress. If you’re interested in learning more about the different types of nursing diagnoses, take some time to review the materials provided by your certification board and explore how you can best use them in the practice.