An overbite also called a “facial overbite,” is a very common dental issue that can be fixed by dental braces. Overbite teeth often are caused by overbites, where the upper teeth extend past the lower teeth. Underbites, by contrast, are caused when the lower teeth protrude past the upper teeth. Sometimes, however, overbite teeth are so severe that they cause a smile to resemble a smile made on a doll, rather than one made on a human face.
The Overbite Teeth Caused
The overbite is caused most often by one of two factors: a horizontal facial overbite (which is the most common) or a vertical overbite. Sometimes both horizontal and vertical overbites are present; in such cases, only the vertical is affected. In a horizontal overbite, the lower teeth usually have a distinct ridge running along their length; the upper teeth have no ridge. Because the lower teeth are not longer than the upper ones in this type of overbite, they tend to pull outward.
Different Types Of Overbite Teeth Correction
There are many different types of overbite correction available, including surgical, dental, and dental-restorative procedures. Although most patients seeking overbite correction cosmetic procedures will find that they are corrected over the same procedures used for patients with typical overbites, the actual underlying causes of overbite can vary widely between cases and may involve different treatments.
For this reason, overbite problems are rarely cured using the same techniques that correct typical overbites.
A common solution for overbite is to use dental implants to raise the teeth protruding from the mouth so that they line up with the lower teeth. The upper jaw is kept in place through the use of dental implants, and the lower jaw is brought closer to the chin using crowns and other devices.
Although this treatment can provide dramatic improvements, it is not without drawbacks. Typically, a vertical overbite is corrected through the use of teeth strips that are pushed into the mouth over the biting period, but this treatment has a number of drawbacks.
In addition to having a potentially dangerous effect, the use of strips and other devices to raise the teeth can lead to the formation of seroma. A seroma is a collection of pus-filled pockets located on the tissue surface and surrounding the tooth root, and the presence of seromas raises the risk of infection of the gums and the surrounding tissues.
As the bacteria infect the tissues, they produce acids which could lead to swelling, pain, and tooth decay. Because the overbite is typically caused by the presence of sermons, some patients may experience difficulty in biting due to the presence of swollen tissue around the teeth. This issue is more common if the patient is exposed to prolonged thumb sucking or tongue thrusting.
In addition to the potential risks and drawbacks of gum infections and swollen tissue, there is another potential complication that is associated with overbite treatment – misalignment of the teeth. The common causes for this condition are overbite deformities resulting from poor-fitting dentures, as well as misalignments that occur as a result of a sudden change in weight or activity level.
Corrective dental surgery can correct these deformities, which will allow the teeth to lie closer together and take on a more natural look. Another treatment for this condition is the use of a retainer. A retainer is an artificial insert that is designed to help maintain the teeth in their desired positions. Dentists often use retainer treatments in combination with other overbite correction procedures.
Not all overbite correction surgeries require the use of a retainer. Sometimes a patient is not suitable for such a drastic change in the bite. Upper jaw overbite is often corrected through gradual exercises designed to strengthen the muscles surrounding the upper jaw. Removable maxillofacial muscles can also be surgically corrected through manual methods and Tongue thrusting.
There are other cases where overbites do not require any type of surgical correction. In some cases, overbite can be caused by poor biomechanics or a history of bad habits.
or example, bad bite is more commonly found among younger adults who engage in both thumb sucking and finger sucking. In cases such as these, correcting the behaviour or treating the underlying cause may eliminate the overbite.